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Mariner

Mariner

American automatic probes for the exploration of the inner planets, which between 1962 and 1971 obtained important data on the nature of Mercury, Venus and Mars.

The Mariner probes were a derivation of the Ranger probes, used for the exploration of the Moon. They were constituted by a hexagonal base structure that contained the scientific instrumentation, two solar panels that opened in space as unfolded wings, cameras, sensors and a satellite dish for the transmission of data to ground.

They were put into orbit by a missile of two AtlasAgena or Atlas-Centaur sections and propelled on an inertial flight path to the predetermined planet.


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